Target:

  1. Generate a list of timestamp/RTT values, one per second, into a text file suitable for later processing and graphing

Limitations:

  1. Utilize base system; don't require extra packages
  2. Operate in 'streaming' mode: don't use bourne shell 'while' loop and keep fork()ing to a minimum

Result:

ping -n 172.16.44.18 | sed -le 's/^.* \(time=[0-9.]*\) ms$/\1/; /^time=/!d; s/^time=//g; /\./!s/$/./g; /\.[0-9][0-9][0-9]$/!s/$/0/g; /\.[0-9][0-9][0-9]$/!s/$/0/g; /\.[0-9][0-9][0-9]$/!s/$/0/g; s/\.//g' | awk '{ printf; printf "\t"; system("date +%s"); close("date +%s"); fflush() }'

Breakdown:

s/^.* \(time=[0-9.]*\) ms$/\1/;        # Trim out all but the RTT
/^time=/!d;                            # Eliminate all other lines
s/^time=//g;                           # Remove the 'time=' tag; want only the number
/\./!s/$/./g;                          # Add a decimal point onto the end if it doesn't exist
/\.[0-9][0-9][0-9]$/!s/$/0/g;          # Add a 0 to the end if there are fewer than three digits after the decimal point
/\.[0-9][0-9][0-9]$/!s/$/0/g;          # Add a second 0
/\.[0-9][0-9][0-9]$/!s/$/0/g;          # Add a third 0; now the number should be normalized to microseconds
s/\.//g;                               # Remove the decimal point, leaving only an integer number of microseconds
{ printf;                              # Print out the RTT
  printf "\t";                         # Print a tab
  system("date +%s");                  # Print the current seconds-since-epoch
  close("date +%s");                   # A kludge, but there's no other way to acquire the date without using gawk or calling 'date' somehow
  fflush();                            # Line-buffer the output
}

Final Script:

#!/bin/sh

host="${1:-172.16.44.18}"

if ! ping -o -c1 -t1 -W1 "${host}" >/dev/null 2>&1
then
  echo "host ${host} must respond to ICMP echo requests" >&2
  exit 1
fi

ping -n "${host}" | sed -le 's/^.* time=\([0-9.]*\) ms$/time=\1/; /^time=/!d; s/^time=//g; /\./!s/$/./g; /\.[0-9][0-9][0-9]$/!s/$/0/g; /\.[0-9][0-9][0-9]$/!s/$/0/g; /\.[0-9][0-9][0-9]$/!s/$/0/g; s/\.//g' | awk '{ printf; printf "\t"; system("date +%s"); close("date +%s"); fflush() }'

PHP Warning

Warning: "preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead"

Warning: "preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead:"

Warning: "preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead"

Warning: "preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead"

Warning: "preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead"

Warning: "preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead"

Warning: "preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead"

Warning: "preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead"

Warning: "preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead:"